# Variable Length Code Unpack

Problem #136

Tags: data-compression strings implementation

Who solved this?

Hope you've already solved Variable Length Code problem and have written a program to compress the text. Now our goal is to decompress it back.

Use the same code-table to decrypt the result of compression of some message. The most effective way is to represent the table as a binary tree with letters in the leaves and use bits of the stream to traverse this tree from the root.

To make the exercise look bit more different we use another way of representing compressed stream. It is split into chunks of 5 bits (instead of 8) and then these chunks are converted to digits of numeral system with base 32, i.e. one of the characters:

0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUV

For example the compressed sequence:

0SA14NH2CG2K8GH1GOD604

represents the following bit stream:

00000 11100 01010 00001 00100 10111 10001 00010 01100 10000 00010 10100 01000 10000 10001 00001
10000 11000 01101 00110 00000 00100

And at the end it is just encoding of the same phrase world of !programming (which we have seen already).

Note that the compressed stream could be padded with trailing zeroes, which anyway do not correspond to any character in the table and so could be unambiguously removed.

Input data contain a single string - very long 32-based number, representing the compressed data.
Answer should contain the decoded text.

Example:

input data:
44TGUUM8OAIBI4Q01JI0M462KALCA0

!i am a stupid !text !compressor

### Optional Exercise

We encourage you to modify your solutions for both these exercises to create the tools for encoding and decoding text files (so that compressed data are written as real bytes). Since usual files contain more characters you'll need to invent some additional encoding scheme. As a simple idea you can ignore letter case (convert all to lowercase) and use exclamation mark with some letter to represent punctuation and special characters, like this:

!n - new line
!d - dot
!c - comma
!e - exclamation mark
!t - dash
!q - question mark
!a - quote

So the pre-conversion phase will go like:

"Was it a cat I saw?" - asked Alice, as
she ran further.

!awas it a cat i saw!q!a !t asked alice!c as!nshe ran further!d

Then try your tools with some long text file (some book downloaded from Project Gutenberg and compare the size of compressed and uncompressed files.

By the way, for the exercise you perhaps have used very inefficient algorithms to work with bits, but for processing large files you may want to optimize it to work faster.

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